What are the Types of Skin Pigmentation Disorders?

Skin pigmentation is one of the most common skin problems which are divided into many categories and types. The pigmentation of the skin can occur at any age or any stage in life and most of these skin problems are practically harmless. In fact most of the types of skin pigmentation disorders are treatable as well. If you want to know about the kinds of pigmentation occurring on the skin, then you can read the following part of the article:

What are the Types of Skin Pigmentation Disorders


Freckles are one of the most common kinds of a skin pigmentation problem which is faced by almost every Caucasian individual. A freckle is nothing but a cluster of Melanin and is triggered due to the presence of gene variant dominant Melanocrotin-1 receptor on the skin, especially when it is directly exposed to sunlight.

Age Spots

The second most category of skin pigmentation is skin spots due to aging. These disorders on the skin are termed as age spots or liver spots. As the name suggests, liver spots occur as we age because one’s body’s ability to protect against Ultraviolet rays diminishes. And due to this, melanin is produced by the skin in patches.


Birthmarks are also counted in the category of skin pigmentation issues and occur either at the time of birth or a little after that. Birthmarks can be of different colors, shapes and sizes but are generally brown and black in color. Birthmarks can be treated if a person is facing embarrassment due to them through cosmetic procedures.

Hyper Pigmentation

As the name suggests, hyper pigmentation is a type of pigmentation occurring on the skin and is caused in the case when a person’s body is producing a lot of melanin. This condition can be treated by taking proper medication or bleaching treatment.


Melasma is a skin pigmentation disorder which appears at the time of pregnancy and may or may not fade after the birth of the child. In some rare cases, Melasma, which is also known as Chloasma, might not fade away but persist in a lighter form.

Port Wine Stains

Port Wine Stains are harmless pigmentation issues which are generally red or purple in color and are usually found to be occurring on the face of a person and hence can be very embarrassing for some. Some laser treatment methods can help to remove or lighten these spots.

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