Obesity can increase the risk of urinary stone formation. Kidney or urinary stones are formed out of crystals in the urine.
The stones will be in the solid form, which are formed from the substances excreted in urine.
When these waste substances do not dissolve completely in urine, they form into microscopic particles and slowly grow into stones.
When water and other substances are out of balance, such as from dehydration, substances present stick together and build up to form stones.
In many cases, crystals will be very small and pass out your body without any harm. Sometimes, these crystals build up inside your kidney and larger stones will be formed.
Once the stone becomes too large, urine flow will be blocked to come out of kidney and therefore it can cause pain, pressure and infection. If the stone moves through the ureter tube from the kidney, it causes pain.
While moving if the stone gets stuck, infection occurs. Based on the size and place of stone, kidney damage can be caused if kidney stones are left untreated. When acid levels of the urine are too high, uric acid kidney stones will be formed.
According to the research, obesity increases the urination of calcium and uric acid, which results in risk of formation of calcium containing urinary stones. The other reason is, fat tissues decrease your body’s ability to respond to insulin, which can change your urine and can lead to development of kidney stones.
Women who gained weight more than 35 pounds since age 21 has increase of stone formation up to seventy percent compared to older women who stayed the same weight. High body mass index and waist size also contribute to the urinary stone formation.
Prevention of urinary stones:
Kidneys can be damaged with too much consumption of protein. The dosage of protein is two grams per four pounds of body weight daily. Follow a diet that is low in sugar and sodium. Your diet should consist of magnesium, potassium and vegetables.
You have to control your weight to prevent urinary stone formation. Drink 8 to 10 glasses of water daily. Dehydrating liquids such as tea, coffee and alcohol should be limited. Limit dairy products, colas, and chocolates.
Try to achieve healthy weight by following healthy lifestyle in order to prevent urinary stone formation.