The protective membranes which cover the central nervous system get affected with some ineffective agents, injury, or some drugs.
These agents can cause inflammation of these membranes. This condition is called as meningitis. It is mainly due to the organism Neisseria meningitides.
Meningitis is a serious condition due to the proximity of the location of the brain and spinal cord.
This condition causes serious damage to the motor control, thought processes, or even death. This is a serious inflammation of the brain and spinal cord which can also cause paralysis.
Meningitis is mainly due to microorganisms, such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, or viruses. Sometimes cancer, systemic lupus erythematosus and some drugs can also lead to meningitis.
Viral meningitis is the most common form of this condition and it lasts for few days. After that the second most frequently occurring type of this condition is bacterial meningitis. It is a serious and life-threatening condition.
If you are suspected of having this condition, then you should consult your doctor. Sometimes lyme disease turns into meningitis.
The risk factors which contribute to the development of meningitis include: smoking, viral respiratory infections and crowded conditions. Meningitis readily spreads in crowded population, sometimes it is referred to as epidemic meningitis.
There are lots of things you need to do for your child before school starts. Among which, immunization is the most important thing which you need to do.
Bacterial meningitis spreads through throat and respiratory secretions such as kissing or coughing. If you notice the symptoms like high fever, headache, stiff neck, vomiting, nausea, altered mental status, photophobia, a rash, confusion, sleepiness and discomfort looking into bright lights, immediately consult your doctor to take proper care of your child.
These symptoms take only few hours to develop or they take one or two days to develop. In order to avoid these conditions, make sure that your child must receive meningitis vaccine. Children under the age of 2 years, high/college students and military recruits are at higher risk of developing meningococcal meningitis.
Usually the treatment of meningitis occurs in two phases. One is empirical and the other is definitive. Empirical one starts when your doctor believes that your child has bacterial meningitis of some type. At this movement the treatment involves vancomycin, ceftriaxone and rifampin.
Definitive treatment starts when Neisseria meningitides is considered as the causative agent. Treatment for this involves ceftriaxone, cefotaxime or chloramphenicol.
Start the treatment as soon as possible after recognizing the symptoms. Otherwise it goes rapidly and increases the potential for death or lifelong disability.
The symptoms of meningitis in its initial stage are very few. But, in the presence of other risk factors and having contact with others who have Neisseria meningitides, staying in the crowed conditions like school, the symptoms may get worse.
In order to avoid severe symptoms due to meningitis, it is best to take the vaccine and follow the treatment methods.