Don’t get confused with whether vertigo is a disease or symptom.
It is a symptom but not a disease. Vertigo is also termed as chronic dizziness.
It refers to the sensation of spinning that occurs as a result of unbalanced condition.
This condition is mainly related to balance and equilibrium.
Vertigo is also described as a feeling of dizziness, lightheadedness, faintness and unsteadiness. There are two types of vertigo, one is subjective vertigo due to the sensation of movement and the other is objective vertigo due to the perception of movement in surrounding objects.
A disorder in the vestibular system results in vertigo. The vestibular system can cause the integration of sensory stimulus and movement and also to maintain the objects in visual focus as your body moves. Though vestibular system is a common cause for vertigo, in some people migraines can also cause dizziness in them.
Vertigo is mainly due to the problem in your brain or inner ear. The most common form of vertigo is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). This is described as the consciousness of motion initiated by rapid head movements. In BPPV, the small otoliths split themselves from the gel and shift into the canals thus causing sick with spinning sensation.
In younger people, BPPV is the result of head injury. You can observe this condition in people who had spin in their head very often or who are frequently upside down.
Inflammation in your inner can also cause vertigo. This condition is called as labyrinthitis and it can lead to hearing loss. These are very hard to treat.
Even when you close your eyes, you will feel that your room is spinning. You can also get headache that causes you to feel sick to your stomach. If it is very severe, then it will be very hard for you to walk.
About 5-10 percent of population is struggling with dizziness, vertigo and imbalance. There is a greater chance of occuring this condition in people more than 40 years of age.
Vertigo is divided into two types, one is central and the other is peripheral vertigo. Central one has an origin inside the brain and peripheral one has its own origin in the difficult balance systems of the inner ear.
Therapy for vertigo:
During the examination by your doctor, you might lay down on the table. The therapist asks you to turn your head to trigger vertigo episodes. You doctor will tell you when you get vertigo because of a tell tale jumping movement of the eye called nystagmus.
Then, your head is lowered and turned to move the crystals out of the canals. This type of therapy is called as Epley Maneuver.
You are suggested to sleep upright with a cervical band for some nights. You can also use extra pillows so that your head doesn’t lie flat.