HPV (human papilla virus) is a group of viruses that consist of about 100 various types. Among which more than 30 viruses are sexually transmitted.
These viruses can affect the genital areas of the women and men. The virus affects the skin of the penis, the lining of the vagina and the area outside the vagina, rectum, or cervix uteri.
HPV does not show any symptoms and the infection will clear on its own. Some of the HPV viruses cause high risks and can lead to irregular pap tests. This condition can also lead to cancer in the areas like anus, cervix, penis, vulva, or vagina. Some others are low risk viruses and can cause mild Pap test irregularities.
HPV virus leads to genital warts and verrucas. You can observe them on different parts of the body, but most generally you can notice them on your hands and feet, in the genital area and at the anus. This condition is most common and generally occurs after the person becomes sexually active.
Head and neck cancer with HPV:
Human papilla virus can likely cause certain types of cancers of the neck and head. The risk is high in the individuals who have tonsillitis. The survival of a HPV patient with positive tumors is about 91 months, but a patient with HPV negative tumor survive for 76 months. Some other advanced diseases, age, and high alcohol consumption are the contributing factors to poor prediction of the infection.
Most often you will observe head and neck cancers in tobacco smokers and drinkers. There are only 20 percent chances to occur these cancers in non-smokers and non-drinkers. HPV is also linked to oral cancers and the use of HPV vaccine might decrease the risk of developing cancers. Giving HPV vaccine to women can delay the benefit, because oral cancers usually occur in men.
Women with HPV infection:
HPV infection is a most common infection among the young women between 20-24 years of age. A woman who is infected with high risk HPVs does not lead to the development of cervical cancer. There are some other factors which can lead to cancer such as smoking and the working of your immune system. There is a less chance of affecting HPV in older women.
If you are a smoker and have high risk HPV infection, then there is a greater chance to develop cervical cancer. So, regular screening is very important to remove the abnormal cervical cells before they cause cervical cancer. Even if you are a smoker and have HPV, you can prevent cervical cancer.
Lower immunity levels can also lead to cervical cancer [detecting cervical cancer symptom]. This is due to the drugs you are taking for other illnesses or the illness which affects your immune system like HIV virus or AIDS. Those who have lower immunity levels must have regular smear tests. This infection is most common in American women.
HPV vaccine to decrease the occurrence of oral and cervical cancer:
HPV is linked to oral cancer and the vaccine will greatly help to treat the HPV and decrease the risk of these cancers. There is also a vaccine which helps to treat cervical cancer, but it shows an effect on women’s oral health.
In order to determine any oral health complications, you need to visit the dentist on a regular basis. Following the prescribed preventive methods is very important in treating oral and cervical caner.
Here are some oral health tips for women:
- Inform your dentist on a regular basis about the changes in your oral health.
- Regularly consult your dentist to determine any changes in your mouth.
- Completely inform about your medical history to determine any risks associated with your health.
- Ask your dentist to take a complete examination from head to neck to determine any early signs of certain conditions.
HPV vaccine for men:
HPV infection among young men can increase the risk of throat and mouth cancers. HPV virus which causes cervical cancer is also linked with throat and mouth cancers. Particularly, you can observe this case in men under the age of 45. So, HPV vaccine is must for young men than women.
The most common HPV vaccine that is available in the market is Gardasil. This vaccine helps to treat genital warts as well as head and throat cancers. It protects about four types of HPV. The other approved HPV vaccine is Cervarix which helps to treat only head and throat cancers.
The truths about HPV vaccine:
- This can prevent the most common conditions that are not controlled by condoms.
- It is a 100 percent effective vaccine.
- It won’t encourage any sexual activity.
- It reduces the incidence of HPV infection and cervical cancers to a greater extent.
Effect of HPV vaccine on your health:
Though the vaccine is approved as safe and well-tolerated, it can cause some side effects. Individuals who got the vaccine can have the chance of developing arthritis three times more when compared to the individual who receive the control vaccine.
The person can develop an increased risk of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. This is a devastating, deforming and life-long disease.
There is also a chance of developing Guillain Barré syndrome (GBS) in association with the HPV vaccine. GBS is a serious condition that occurs when your body’s immune system incorrectly attacks part of the nervous system. This condition causes nerve inflammation which continues to develop.
GBS is an autoimmune disorder. The exact cause for GBS is still unknown. You may experience this disease at any age, but is a most common condition in both men and women between the ages of 30-50 years.
You will experience soreness at the injected area. Some of the common side effects include: dizziness, fever, itching, nausea, redness at the injected area, and swelling.
Self screening for HPV:
Self collection of specimens for HPV can be an effective option in recognizing women with high risk HPV types. It helps you in getting the treatment at the right time.