There are mainly three parts or components to human blood, namely, red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. But another unrecognized part of the blood which is very crucial is called plasma. It is the largest blood component (about 55 percent), which carries all the other components (as mentioned above) throughout the body. While it is essential, it also prone to a number of disorders that falls into the category of blood disorders.
To know more about the disorders related to plasma, you can go through the below given list:
When an individual is suffering from an infection, it may so happen that the immune system gives out an extreme response which leads to sepsis. The condition surfaces when the chemicals to fight an infection (released into the bloodstream) end up causing an inflammation. This infection can be fatal as it slows the flow of the blood and also damages the organs.
There exists a certain protein in the blood which initiates and is functional in the clotting of blood. Hemophilia is referred to the range of blood disorders which occur due to a deficiency of these proteins in the plasma. As a result of these disorders there is unusual bleeding as the blood wont clot properly. There are many types of hemophilia which range in level of severity in accordance to the protein missing.
Hypercoaguable State (also known as hypercoagulable state)
This disorder refers to the situation when the blood clots too easily as against hemophilia (where blood doesn’t clot). The severity of the disorder may vary, with some individual having only a mild tendency to blood clots. But there are also individuals who may be prone to repeated clotting episodes. People who have a greater tendency to clot easily and experience repeated episodes are required to take daily medication.
Disseminated Intra- Vascular Thrombosis
This is a peculiar condition wherein an individual develops a blood clot in a vein deep into the body. Most of the record cases of this disorder have been found to be existent in the leg. The disorder can take a severe turn if the clot in the deep vein breaks off/ dislodges and travels to the lung or the heart or other organs. There have been cases when the blood travels to the lungs leading to a pulmonary embolism.
Disseminated Intra- vascular Coagulation
Long for DIC, this disorder results in the formation of tiny but multiple blood clots throughout the body. There are also multiple areas of bleeding all over the body under this condition. The clotting and the bleeding both occur simultaneously. The conditions which can lead to the development of DIC in an individual include- severe infections, complications during a pregnancy or as a result of a surgery.
Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance
Also known as MGUS, the condition is the buildup or development of the monoclonal anti- bodies that are produced by the abnormal plasma cells (which are non- cancerous).