Classification of Mental Disorders

Mental illness is a vast umbrella that encompasses different conditions and the most common ones are anxiety disorders, mood disorders, personality disorders, OCD, and psychotic disorders. People suffering from mental illnesses cannot be vaguely said as “insane” as the intensity and severity varies with each and can be surely curable with proper counseling session, medicines and therapies.

Mental disorders usually start with physical signs like anxiety or panic, like excessive sweating or rapid heartbeat for consecutive days or months. However, the best option is to take advice from a psychiatrist or counselor in case you are facing any such issues as discussed below –

classification of mental disordersAnxiety Disorders

People suffering from anxiety disorders are responsive to objects or situations with frightening or dreadful attitude. The physical signs of panic, rapid heartbeat, sweating are all seen in the person and he / she is not able to respond properly with the normal bodily functions. The anxiety bouts interfere with the normal responding ability of the person.

Mood Disorders

Also known as affective disorders, mood disorders show chronic spans of sadness or long periods of feeling of excessive happiness. The mood fluctuations from extreme happiness to excessive sadness are a very common symptom of this kind of disorder. The most common classifications in mood disorders are bipolar disorder, depression, and cyclothymic disorder.

Psychotic Disorders

Distorted mental thinking, awareness and state of mind are the main traits under psychotic disorders. However, the two most common symptoms of psychotic disorders are hallucinations and schizophrenia. In the first one, the person might see images and hear sounds that are unreal and imaginary. In the later one, the symptoms are severe.

Eating Disorders

Mental disorders also entail the issues of eating disorders. People suffering from this disorder show extremely emotional behavior, attitude and reactions in relation to food and weight. Some classifications of this disorder include bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, and binge eating disorder.

Impulse Control and Addiction Disorders

When you lose control of your impulse; the control of the overall behavior does not stay normal as before. Impulse control disorders means that the person is unable to resist any urge, impulse or performing any act that can possess harm to others. Some common examples of this disorder is kleptomania (stealing), pyromania (starting fires), compulsive gambling and so on. Alcohol and drugs have also been considered as a form of impulse control disorder.

Personality Disorders

This is a common form of mental disorder that many fail to recognize as a serious issue. People having this disorder possess inflexible and extreme personality traits. This affects their surroundings and people who need to deal with them; like in office, relationships, school or society. This extremity of reactions affects a person’s normal functioning. Some common classifications of this type of mental disorder are obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, and paranoid personality disorder.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

People with this kind of disorder are obsessed with an idea or behavior. Some kind of fear forces them to perform the rituals or routine like obsessions.