These are commonly used terms for the Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease which is characterized by two categories of sufferers who may either be the pink puffers or the blue bloaters.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease or COPD is a disease of the lungs that mainly afflicts smokers.
The Blue and Bloated Syndrome is most typically associated with obese individuals who may suffer from inadequate blood oxygenation. This is most noted while sleeping and manifests in heart and breathing problems.
The main symptoms and signs of the blue and bloated syndrome are some very serious conditions including right heart failure, malfunctioning lungs, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, reduced blood oxygenation during sleep, productive cough, breathing problems, swelling, fatigue, and increased heart rate.
Basically blue and bloated symptom means that there is a lack of oxygen in the blood and this situation is worsened when the person is asleep.
A blue bloater is a person who suffers from recurring episodes of bronchitis. The chronic condition results in decreased ventilation and increased cardiac output. These individuals tend to retain more carbon dioxide and hence the term blue bloater.
A person who is a pink puffer is usually an emphysema sufferer. This is basically the body’s inefficiency or inability to sufficiently oxygenate the blood due to disorders present in the lungs.
Eventually this leads to weight loss and muscle wasting. A reddish complexion and a puffing experience are characteristics of pink puffers.
A blue bloater is likely to show the following symptoms:
- May have been experiencing a productive cough (with sputum) for 3 to 12 months
- Lips and skin may assume bluish tinge occasionally
- Swelling in arms and legs and distension in veins in the neck.
- The prognosis for a blue bloater is not very good, medically speaking
A pink puffer may show the following signs:
- Person may be thin or underweight
- May breathe through pursed lips
- Increased respiratory rate
- The prognosis of a pink puffer is rather better than a blue bloater
One who exhibits one or more of these symptoms may not necessarily have the Blue and Bloated symptom, nor may they be a Pink puffer.
However, if one does suspect that one may have Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease or emphysema, it is important to have a diagnostic consultation with a doctor since early treatment is the best chance that a person has.