Meningitis! Do you think it is an infection to the brain? It is actually an infection which mainly infects the lining and other fluids that surround the brain and also infects the spinal cord too.
In general, the meningitis which you see in children and adolescents is mainly caused either due to bacteria or virus.
Initially, these infections causing bacteria or virus mainly affect the mucous structures such as nose and throat and then gradually progresses to the brain and spinal cord.
At times, they also enter into the blood stream and certainly involve brain and its associated structures, leading to meningitis.
Very rarely, these infections extend from severe infections in areas near or around the brain such as sinus or ear infections.
So, if you really want to avoid all those disturbing effects in your children caused due to meningitis, it becomes very essential for you to reduce the risk of meningitis, by following certain essential preventive measures.
There are many preventable immunizations available to prevent the spread of bacterial meningitis and its associated conditions. Some of the most effective vaccinations that can prevent meningitis can mainly include:
- HIB (haemophilus influenza type B) vaccine: Most of the children, starting from 2 months of age, are usually treated with this vaccine and it is mainly recommended to include in their routine schedule of vaccinations. Even it is also recommended for most of the adults, who are suffering with sickle cell disease or AIDS.
- Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine: If you have any children younger than 2 years, this vaccine is recommended to include in your child’s regular vaccine schedule. It is also recommended for children aged between 2 to 5 years and also for those with increased risk of developing pneumococcal disease.
- Meningococcal conjugate vaccine: When your children reach 11 to 18 years of age, it is always recommended to vaccinate your child with this particular vaccine. Especially, children with increased risk of developing bacterial meningitis or those who have already experienced meningitis once in their life are highly recommended to be vaccinated with meningococcal conjugate vaccine.
- Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine: This vaccine is usually recommended for older children and adults who require protection against pneumococcal bacteria. Children with weak immune systems or having various chronic illnesses like heart disease, sickle cell anemia or diabetes, are usually vaccinated with this vaccine.
These are certain recommended vaccines that can help you to prevent the infection of meningitis in your children. So, try to know more about these vaccinations and protect your child from various health complications.