Initial or early stages of melanoma can be treated easily but if the cancer reaches advanced stages, then it is very difficult to treat the cancer and becomes fatal for you.
This is the most common type of skin cancer, which spreads throughout your body and capable of causing death.
Melanoma usually develops in your skin cells, called melanocytes, which produce melanin, a pigment responsible for your color of skin, hair and eyes.
Most of the melanomas are black or brown in color. Some of the melanomas can appear in your skin color and can also occur in pink, blue, red or white in color.
The exact cause of melanoma is still unknown but it is believed that over exposure of your skin to ultra violet radiation, which continuously emerges from sun and also tanning of lamps or beds greatly increases the risk of melanoma on your skin.
How can you identify the growth of melanoma on your skin?
Most of you can get confused with a mole and over growth of melanin on your skin [Identify Skin Cancer Mole]. The ABCDE rule can be very helpful for you to identify the moles on your skin which differ from melanomas. The rule is described as follows:
Asymmetry (A): Identify the moles which are divided into unequal halves. If you observe any moles with this kind of asymmetry, try to consult your doctor immediately to confirm whether it is a sign for any tumor.
Border (B): Check the border of moles. If the edges are unclear or jagged then it can be a sign of melanoma.
Color (C): Color of your mole plays an important rule in recognizing the melanomas. If you notice any multiple colors like white, grey, purple or pink then get it checked with your health care provider. Some times melanomas are also associated with loss or spread of color.
Diameter (D): Identify the moles larger than one fourth inch in diameter, approximately size of an eraser.
Evaluation (E): Try to check for the moles that are raised above your skin and also have a rough surface.
You must also check for these changes on your skin:
- Mole which is often itchy
- Fast growing mole
- Scaly or crusted growth on your skin
- Bleeding moles
If you observe any of these changes which are different from usual moles, then immediately consult your doctor.