Respiratory therapy gives care for patients, who are having deficiencies and abnormalities related to pulmonary and cardiopulmonary system.
Respiratory therapy contains therapeutic use of medical gases with administrative apparatus, humidification, aerosols, environmental control systems, ventilatory support, respiratory rehabilitation, bronchopulmonary drainage, maintenance of natural, artificial, and mechanical airways, and assistance with cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Exercise is a type of respiratory therapy, which helps to improve the lung function.
Frequent use of household cleaning sprays such as washing powders, liquid cleaning powders, ammonia, bleaches, solvents, stain removers, furniture sprays, ironing sprays, air-refreshing sprays are significant risk factors of respiratory illnesses.
Diseases For Which Respiratory Therapy Is Given!
Respiratory therapy will be given to the patients who are suffering from respiratory and cardiopulmonary illnesses such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), respiratory insufficiency, lung disease, status asthmaticus, hypothermia, bronchopulmonary diseases (bronchitis, bronchiectasis, pulmonary abscess, cystic fibrosis), respiratory failure, and cardiac failure.
Respiratory Therapy – Oxygen Inhalation Therapy:
It is inhalation of oxygen in an attempt to restore the physiological alterations of gas exchange in the cardiopulmonary system to normal. It can be done by the use of respirator, mask, nasal catheter, chamber, or tent.
Respiratory Therapy – Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation:
It is the application of life support system to circulate the blood through oxygenating system. It consists of a pump, membrane oxygenator, and a heart exchanger.
Respiratory Therapy – Artificial respiration
It is a method of breathing artificially. It utilizes mechanical or non-mechanical means and forces the air into and out of the lungs. It is used in individuals who have respiratory insufficiency to help increase the intake of oxygen.
Respiratory Therapy – Postural drainage:
It is a method of doing drainage in bronchopulmonary diseased patients. This therapy may be done in combination with forced expiratory, expectorants, or bronchodilator agents.
Respiratory Therapy – Chest wall oscillation:
It is a respiratory support system that is used to remove the mucus and clear the airway by oscillating on the chest.
Other Treatments To Treat Pulmonary Diseases!
Also treatments such as high frequency ventilation and oxygen therapy can be used to treat respiratory problems.
Ventilatory support system uses frequencies between 60-900 cycles per minute. Based on the volumes, rates, and system used, three types of systems are notable. They include high frequency positive-pressure ventilation (HFPPV), high frequency oscillation, and high frequency jet oscillation.
In order to normalize the alterations of pathophysiologic gas exchange in the cardiopulmonary system, the patient will be given oxygen therapy with inhalation of oxygen.
Other respiratory therapy forms include re-warming, nebulizers and vaporizers, metered dose inhalers, and mechanical ventilation.
On the other hand, there are many respiratory therapy related drugs that are used to treat the pulmonary problems. Some of the drugs are beclomethasone, isoproterenol, nitric oxide, interleukin-2, fluticasone, albuterol, liposome, isoflurane, triamcinolone (nasal), and paromomycin.
Respiratory therapy helps the patients who are suffering from respiratory problems to inhale the oxygen through artificial means.
If you are suffering from any disease related to lungs, immediately contact with your pulmonologist for appropriate respiratory therapy in order to avoid side effects and any severe adverse reactions.