According to the new research acknowledging 2007 National Health Grand Award, 18.5 percent people are at risk of having chronic kidney failure and other vascular diseases.
This research involved 97 percent of the municipality population including senior citizens and children.
Blood pressure affects the decline in kidney failure and diabetes can also lead to kidney failure.
The management of kidney disease is very difficult and it sometimes can lead to different types of other issues.
Depending on the condition, there are two types of kidney failure. One is acute and the other is chronic.
Sudden and complete loss of kidney function is acute kidney failure and gradual decrease of kidney function in both kidneys is chronic kidney failure.
Treatment Choices To Replace The Function Of Failed Kidneys:
There are different types of treatments present for those who are suffering from kidney failure.
Hemodialysis. The purpose of hemodialysis is cleaning and filtering blood to free the body from harmful wastes, extra salts, and extra wastes temporarily by using a machine.
Hemodialysis helps to balance the important chemicals like potassium, calcium, bicarbonates, etc in the body and also helps controlling blood pressure.
It is done in dialysis center by patient care technicians. There are some complications accompanied with hemodialysis. Vascular access problem is one of most common problems with hemodialysis. Other common problems are poor blood flow, infection, muscle cramps, hypotension, etc.
These side effects can be treated easily and can avoid these side effects by taking proper diet, limiting liquid intake, and taking medicines as directed. It will take a few months to adjust after hemodialysis.
Peritoneal dialysis. The purpose of peritoneal dialysis is the removal of wastes, chemicals, and extra water from the body. In this procedure, the lining of the abdomen (peritoneal membrane) will be used to filter the blood.
There are three types of peritoneal dialysis available, which include continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), which is considered to be a form of self-treatment, continuous cycler-assisted peritoneal dialysis (CCPD), and the combination of both CAPD and CCPD.
Peritonitis, an abdominal infection, is the most common problem with peritoneal dialysis and this can be treated with antibiotics. Fever, cloudiness of the used fluid, and redness/pain around the catheter are the early signs of peritonitis.
Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis only helps to replace the function of failed kidneys, but they cannot cure kidney failure.
Kidney Transplantation. It is a surgical procedure in which a healthy kidney replaces the kidney failure. This donated healthy kidney will work enough that both failed kidneys used to do.
Before undergoing kidney transplantation, the transplantation team considers three factors, which helps to predict whether the immune system of recipient’s body will accept the new kidney or not.
Blood type, human leukocyte antigens (HLA), and cross-matching antigens are considered as matching factors before transplantation. Although in some cases, the body rejects the new kidney no matter how perfect the match of new kidney is.
However, this rejection of new kidney seen in those people who are non-compliant with medications as prescribed.
The response to each treatment to each person varies differently to situations, as a negative factor for one person may be a positive for another.
If kidney failure is not treated properly, over the years it can lead to heart disease, bone disease, arthritis, malnutrition, etc. So, seek proper medical attention to avoid such illnesses.