There are different pattern of difficulties that affect the people with dyslexia.
The dyslexic persons might have any of the following problems:
- Dyslexic people may see the text showing to jump on a page.
- People with dyslexia may see some alphabets as upside down or backwards.
- For them, the alphabets may look muddled up and out of order.
- Dyslexic people may not say the difference between the alphabets of similar shape like “c” and “e” and “o.”
- Also people with dyslexia may not say the difference between alphabets of similar shape with different orientation like “b” and “p” and “d” and “q.”
- Some dyslexic people might look the alphabets and words as all grouped together.
- For some people, who have dyslexia, the words and alphabets appear totally backwards, such as “pool” as “loop.”
- For some dyslexic people the alphabets and words look okay, but they get a severe headache and feel sick in stomach when they read.
- Some dyslexic people can be able to see the alphabets correctly, but unable to connect the alphabets and sound out the word they make and recognize them.
- Dyslexic people may be able to connect the alphabets and sound out the words, but may not understand the words that were seen before; regardless of seeing those for many times, dyslexic people would have to start new each time.
- Some people with dyslexia can be able to read the words all right, but they cannot able to remember what they read or make sense of what they read, so they need to come back to read the same paragraph again and again.
- It is likely that dyslexic people can be able to read properly, but find very difficult to spell or write (dysgraphia).
When the dyslexic person sees the alphabets or words mixed up, out of order, or reversed, it should be understand that there is no problem with eyes rather the problem is the way the mind translates what the eyes see.
It is also possible that people will have dyslexia without reading problems. Many dyslexic people are good readers, but they find difficulty with spelling and writing.
Dyslexia is a biological disorder or a problem that can be diagnosed and treated accordingly. According to the theory, dyslexia is caused by misconfiguration of the link between language, hearing, and comprehension centers of the brain during fetal development.
According to another theory, dyslexia is caused by subtle impairment of vision and other says faulty connections in the brain. Overall, all theories blame the brain to be the reason for dyslexia.
The dyslexia is classified into three subtypes depending on differing pattern of underlying symptoms, which are dysphonetic or auditory dyslexia, dyseidetic or visual dyslexia, and rapid automatic naming or double deficit.
There are different types of therapeutic approaches that mainly focus on giving treatment for underlying issues of neurological, cognitive, visual, or auditory impairments that are thought to be the cause of dyslexia, although these methods are controversial.