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According to the study, people with diabetes have a higher risk of developing colorectal cancer. Diabetics can protect themselves from colon cancer by eating a diet that is high in fruits and vegetables. The diabetes diet should also be low in red and processed meat. Being physically active and maintaining healthy weight can reduce the colon cancer risk.
Age is considered as main risk factor for colon cancer. If you have diabetes, it is better to screen for colon cancer immediately. A family history of colon cancer or history of inflammatory disease is the risk factors of colon cancer if you have diabetes.
Early detection of colorectal cancer is important. The cancer can be detected by several tests such as fecal occult blood test, colonoscopy and flexible sigmoidoscopy.
Diabetic patients should take following steps before colonoscopy:
- You should not take solid food the day before the test and only liquid diet is permitted.
- You should take strong laxative to clean out the colon for clear images. If you are not careful, laxative effect can lead to dehydration and causes low blood pressure.
- Before going for colonoscopy, you should take blood glucose test.
Treatment for colon cancer depends on the extent of the disease. The main treatment will be surgery to remove the tumor and surrounding tissue. Chemotherapy is used in case any cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body. Chemotherapy drugs work by killing cancer cells by stopping them from dividing and growing.
Controlling diabetes for reducing colorectal cancer risk:
Try to lose weight if you are overweight, as overweight results in elevated blood sugar levels. If you are inactive, you are at higher risk of diabetes.
- Eat a consistent and well-balanced diet that is rich in fiber, low in saturated fats and low in sugars. A high fiber diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables reduces the risk of colorectal cancer.
- Regular exercise can help in reducing the risk of diabetes. 20 minutes of walking three times a week is beneficial. Exercise in safe levels without worsening your condition.
- Eliminate the use of alcohol, as excessive alcohol can increase the risk of diabetes.