Cancer Research UK is worried about the increases as some cases of these cancers are potentially avoidable. Research suggests that around half of all cancers could be prevented by changes to lifestyle.
The good news is that rates of cervical cancers are falling as a result of the national screening programme and thanks to successful smoking cessation campaigns, lung cancer rates are continuing to decrease, especially in men.
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Melanoma is a dangerous skin cancer increased by over forty percent from the last ten years. The other forms of cancers like kidney, mouth and womb cancers have also shown rapid rise in the past decade. Cervical and lung cancers are decreasing, which is good news.
There is an increased risk of developing melanoma when people are exposed to warm and sunny climates. People who have to stay outdoors for maximum time have increased risk of melanoma.
Melanoma is developed in people with red or blond hair, fair skin, moles and freckles. Dark skinned people are at lower risk, but they can also develop the disease. The first sign of melanoma is a change in shape, size, and color of an existing mole. Thorough check of the skin is very important to identify the symptoms.
To avoid developing melanoma, stay out from sun during midday hours. Protective clothing is required and sunscreen should be applied regularly. Consulting a dermatologist is recommended for people who have particular mole or skin lesions.
Cells in certain tissues of the kidney grow uncontrollably which leads to kidney cancer. There is a link between kidney cancer and smoking cigarettes. Inhaled tobacco smoke can cause harm to the kidneys. Smoking also increases the risk of kidney cancer.
The common symptom of kidney cancer that can be seen is blood in the urine. The other symptoms that can be seen are pain in the lower back, painful urination, abdominal pain, fever, fatigue, weakness and unexplained loss of weight.
Once the person leaves the habit of smoking, a number of advantages can be seen. The kidney cancer risk reduces after quitting cigarette smoke and second hand smoke. Treatment should be taken for the kidney cancer nephrectomy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and immunologic therapy.
Smoking and alcohol are the major factors of mouth cancer. It is mostly a lifestyle disease. Ninety percent of people with mouth cancer are smokers. A person who smokes and drinks have 15 times greater risk of developing mouth cancer than others.
Mouth cancer can be identified by white patches in the mouth, unusual bleeding in the mouth, numbness, pain while swallowing or chewing, weight loss, loose teeth, lump in the lip, and change in voice.
Mouth cancer can be prevented by stopping tobacco, keeping within safe limits of drinking alcohol and eating more fruits and vegetables.
Over the last 10 years womb cancer rates have increased by over 20 per cent. It is unclear exactly what causes womb cancer, but there are some things that are known to increase a woman’s risk. Overweight and obese women are twice as likely to develop womb cancer as women of a healthy weight. This is due to higher than normal exposure to the hormone estrogen and postmenopausal women who are overweight or obese tend to have higher levels of estrogen in their bodies.
Womb cancer is developed twice in overweight women than of normal weight. Over weight women are three times likely to get womb cancer. Obese women have high estrogen levels. Fat cells convert certain hormones into a form of estrogen. Fatter, more estrogen is produced. With more estrogen production, more womb lining is built up. The more lining cells are produced, the greater risk of one of them being cancerous.
There are other reasons of developing womb cancer. Wrong diet, no children, menstrual history, and polycystic ovary syndrome are also the risk factors of womb cancer.
Sun exposure, alcohol, smoking and obesity are major factors for the rise in cancers. As these all come under lifestyle factors, people can change their lifestyle to stay away from risk of getting cancers.